Preliminary Document Checklist for LGBTQ Asylum Seekers in the U.S.
In order to apply for LGBTQ asylum in the United States, you will need to gather up all your important documents to help prove your identity and make your case. You may not need all of the suggested documents on this list for your unique application. However, if you have them, you should compile them as soon as possible and keep them in a safe location. Additionally, you should contact friends or family in your country of origin to help you obtain missing documents if it is safe to do so.
A note on translations: For any documents that are not in English, you will need a certified translation to submit with your asylum application. Note that in order to be “certified”, a translation does not have to come from a paid translation service. Anyone- except the applicant- can make the translation, including friends and family, as long as the translator is fluent in both languages and includes a certificate of translation with the translator’s signature.
Certificate of translation requirements per USCIS,“Any foreign language document must be accompanied by a full English translation that the translator has certified as complete and correct, and by the translator's certification that they are competent to translate the foreign language into English.”
Identity documents (all originals):
Any passports you have
Certified birth certificate
Student identification card
National identity card
Political party membership card
Identity documents of family members who traveled to the United States with you (if possible)
Birth certificates for your children
School certificates or diplomas
Attendance or enrollment records
Any group membership documents
Medical records from hospitalization or treatment due to mistreatment in home country
Certified copy of ANY jail, arrest, or court records either in the U.S. or abroad
-Note: If there is no longer a record, you will need a certified letter from the court stating that the record cannot be found or no longer exists.
Any draft(s) of asylum applications or affidavits that you may have created
Any document that has been filed with the U.S. government at any time
Any records from when you entered the U.S.:
Plane or other travel tickets
Anything that was given to you by a U.S. official upon entry
General Information that You Will Need for Your Asylum Application
The date that you left your country of origin
Your last address in your country of origin
Your address for the past five years and the month and year when you moved in and moved out
The name and address of every school you have attended with the month and year when you started and stopped attending
The name and address and position at every job you’ve held for the past five years with the month and year when you began and left
Full name, location of birth and present location of your parents and siblings
Documentation on Your LGBTQ Persecution
Your personal statement- A detailed statement of your story and the persecution that you experienced as an LGBTQ person. How you came out if you have, every detail you can remember of any verbal, emotional, or physical harassment, resulting injuries sustained, negative treatment, hiding your identity, why you left your country of origin, etc.
Any medical reports, diagnosis, or treatment resulting from physical injuries or resulting depression/anxiety/PTSD that you may have sustained due to your gender identity or expression, sexual orientation or perception. Insurance bills, medical bills, hospital stays, medical treatment records, or notarized statements of the medical professionals who treated you or anyone else who was present.
Copies of any police reports that were filed on your behalf due to incidents of persecution. If none were filed, a written explanation of why you did not file any.
Any official country conditions reports or newspaper articles/online reports of conditions in your country of origin outlining violence or persecution of LGBTQ citizens.
Letters or statements from family and friends, community leaders or anyone you confided in or who witnessed the persecution that you survived as an LGBTQ person in your country of origin. Remember that these letters need to be translated into English where necessary.
Disclaimer: The contents herein are intended to convey general information only and not to provide legal advice. The contents should not be construed as, and should not be relied upon for legal advice. The information presented may not reflect the most current legal developments. No action should be taken in reliance on the information presented and AsylumConnect disclaims all liability in respect to actions taken or not taken in reliance on the contents herein. An attorney should be contacted for advice on specific legal issues.